In literature, roses often symbolize love and beauty; therefore, they also represent ladies. Roses are a frequently used flower symbol. From a Christian perspective, a rose is a symbol of heaven and harmony in the world. Furthermore, the rose is considered the flower of the Virgin Mary.
The color of the rose is often significant.
- red for romantic love, selflessness, sacrifice
- white for purity, charm, silence, "You are heavenly", reverence, humility, youthfulness, innocence
- pink for youth, early love, recovery
- yellow for friendship, joy, freedom
- black for death, twisted relationships (Black Rose)
- blue for fantasy, something unattainable
Like other plants, a rose, especially one that is still alive, can also carry overtones of growth, renewal. The thorns of a rose represent on how nothing is perfect – thus the saying "Every rose has its thorn". In actuality, the thorns are prickles that are used to cling onto other vegetation or to protect itself. Its prickles are also capable of causing sporotrichosis after puncturing the skin. Due to this, rose bushes can also provide a barrier.